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英语单词

分类词汇单词学习背单词法词汇辨析词汇搭配构词知识综合词汇词汇趣谈基础单词

听故事学4000英语词汇101:歌手如何帮助赢得战争

hxyxm 于2019-11-25发布 l 已有人浏览
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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 4 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇4 保罗·纳森

Unit 11 Word List

第11单元 单词表

alliance n.

联盟

An alliance is a group of people who work together.

一起工作的一群人。

→ The junior executives formed an alliance with each other.

初级管理人员彼此结成联盟。

applause n.

鼓掌,掌声

Applause is the noise made when people clap hands to show approval.

人们鼓掌表示赞同时发出的声音。

→ At the end of his speech, everyone gave applause.

他演讲结束时,每个人都报以掌声。

armed adj.

武装的

If you are armed, you are carrying a weapon.

携带武器的。

→ The robber was armed with a gun.

强盗带着枪。

authoritative adj.

有权威的

If something is authoritative, it uses the best information available.

表示可以使用最好信息资源的。

→ This book is an authoritative source on Ancient Egypt's Queen Nefertiti.

这本书是关于古埃及王后娜芙提的权威史料。

ceremony n.

典礼

A ceremony is an event that happens on special occasions.

指在特殊场合举行的活动。

→ Tom and Amy's marriage ceremony is in June.

汤姆和艾米的婚礼在六月举行。

culture n.

文化

Culture is the music, art, and writings of a certain place or group of people.

指一个地方或一群人的音乐、艺术和作品。

→ Ancient Mexican culture is renowned for its architecture.

古墨西哥文化以其建筑而闻名。

defense n.

防卫,防护

A defense is something that is done to protect another thing.

指为了保护另一件事而做的事情。

→ The air force works in defense of its country.

空军的职责就是保家卫国。

detail n.

细节,具体信息

A detail is a small piece of information.

指一小段信息。

→ Jane told Ben all the details of her trip to China.

简把她去中国旅行的所有细节都告诉了本。

diverse adj.

多样化的

When a group of things is diverse, it is made up of a wide variety of things.

表示某一组事物是由各种各样的事物组成的。

→ Big cities have diverse populations with people of different races and ages.

大城市有不同种族和年龄的人。

enchant v.

使着迷,使迷惑

To enchant someone is to make them feel very interested or happy.

表示让人感到非常感兴趣或高兴。

→ The beautiful woman enchanted everybody in the room.

那个漂亮的女人迷倒了房间里的每一个人。

equip v.

装备,配备

To equip someone is to give them the things needed to do something.

表示提供做某事所需要的东西。

→ Steve was equipped with the tools needed to do the job.

史蒂夫配备了做这项工作所需的工具。

exception n.

例外;异议

An exception is someone or something not conforming to a rule.

指某人或某事不符合规则。

→ Most students thought the test was hard, but Tim was the exception.

大多数学生认为考试很难,但蒂姆却不这么认为。

genre n.

类型;种类

A genre is a type of literature, art, or music characterized by its style.

指自具风格的文学、艺术或音乐。

→ She is considered a master in the comedy genre.

她被认为是喜剧大师。

impact n.

影响

An impact is the effect someone or something has on another.

指某人或某物对另一个人或物的影响。

→ My grandmother had a great impact on my life.

我祖母对我的生活影响深远。

lure v.

诱惑;引诱

To lure someone is to convince them to do something, by using a trick.

指用一个技巧来说服某人做某事。

→ The store lures people in with big signs that say "Sale!"

这家商店用写着“减价”的大招牌来吸引顾客。

obstacle n.

障碍,妨碍

An obstacle is an object or a problem that stops you from doing something.

阻止做某事的物体或问题。

→ Climbing over the giant rock was the biggest obstacle for the hikers.

对徒步旅行者来说,那块巨石是最大的障碍。

shelter n.

庇护;避难所

A shelter is a place to go that is safe from danger or bad weather.

指一个远离危险或恶劣天气的地方。

→ The frog took shelter from the storm in a nearby cave.

青蛙在附近的一个山洞里躲避暴风雨。

sort v.

分类

To sort means to separate things into different groups or classes.

把东西分成不同的组或类。

→ He sorted his clothes by colors and sizes.

他把衣服按颜色和尺码分类。

supply v.

供给,提供

To supply something means to give people what they need or want.

给人们提供需要或想要的东西。

→ The water heater supplied the house with warm water.

热水器为房子提供了热水。

vain adj.

自负的

If people are vain, they are only concerned with how they look.

他们只关心自己的外表。

→ Rebecca is so vain that she looks at herself in every mirror.

丽贝卡太虚荣了,到哪都要照镜子。

How a Singer Helped Win the War

歌手如何帮助赢得战争

Sometimes famous people are vain. They only care about themselves. But Josephine Baker was an exception. In the 1930s and 1940s, Baker was one of the most famous women in France. She was a big part of the new jazz genre and culture and had a diverse group of fans. The French people especially loved her. And she loved France. So when World War II started, she wanted to help the nation that had given her so much.

有时名人是虚荣的,他们只关心自己。但约瑟芬·贝克是个例外,她是20世纪三四十年代法国最著名的女性之一。她是新爵士流派和文化的重要组成部分,拥有多样化的歌迷群体。法国人民特别喜欢她。她也热爱法国。所以当第二次世界大战开始时,她想要帮助这个给了她一切的国家。

In 1940, armed German troops entered Paris. When this happened, some French people formed a secret alliance. It was called the French Resistance. The group worked for the defense of France. It helped the European and American armies fight the Germans.

1940年,德国武装部队进入巴黎。当时,一些法国人组成了一个秘密联盟。它被称为法国抵抗运动。该组织的工作是保卫法国,协助欧洲和美国军队对抗德国人。

Baker was an important member of the Resistance. She had three jobs. The first was to carry messages to and from other members. The messages were written in code on her sheets of music. The second was to provide shelter and supply goods to Resistance members. It would have been dangerous if the Germans found them.

贝克是抵抗运动的重要成员。她有三份工作。第一个任务是在成员间传递信息。她将这些信息以代码的形式写在乐谱上。二是为抵抗组织成员提供庇护和物资。如果德国人发现了他们,那将是很危险的。

Baker's third job was the most important. Baker held concerts for European politicians and army members. She lured them in, promising an entertaining show. She enchanted them with her singing and dancing and got lots of applause. But Baker was always equipped with a small notebook at these concerts. She listened for details about the war and wrote them down. Baker sorted the details and gave authoritative reports to the Resistance.

贝克的第三个身份才是最重要的。她为欧洲政客和军方人员举办音乐会,承诺以演出来吸引他们。这些人都为她的歌声和舞姿所倾倒并为她喝彩。但贝克在每一场音乐会上都会随身携带一个小本子,用于记录听闻的战事细节,而后再讲这些细节整理成正式的报告传递给抵抗运动组织。

Some thought Baker's fame would be an obstacle. The Germans knew who she was, but they didn't think she was smart enough to work for the Resistance. So she could get information from the Germans easily. This helped the Resistance and the French army save lives and win the war.

一些人认为贝克的名声会给她招来危险。德国人对她的名声都有所耳闻,但他们想不到她能为抵抗组织做事。因此,她能轻而易举地从德方获取情报。这些情报拯救了抵抗组织和法国军队战士的生命,并为胜利提供了帮助。

Baker had a big impact on the Resistance's work. She got many awards for her help. When she died, the army had a special ceremony to thank her again for her bravery.

贝克对抵抗运动的工作产生了很大的影响。由于她的帮助,她获得了许多奖项。她死后,军队举行了一个特别的仪式,再次感谢她的勇敢。

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